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Periodontal disease, more commonly known as gum disease, is an infection of the gum tissues. Over time, gum disease can pose multiple threats to your oral health.

Gum disease is primarily caused by hardened tartar at or under the gumline. This exposes the gum tissues to a constant bacterial presence. Additional risk factors, like regular tobacco use and certain medical conditions, can increase your chances of developing gum disease or allow the disease to spread quickly.

The earliest stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Common symptoms include red or inflamed gums that bleed easily when you brush and floss. Gingivitis is also associated with chronic bad breath. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you should call your our dentists here at Nicoletti Dental Group for an immediate appointment.

If gingivitis isn’t reversed early, it can develop into the more advanced form of gum disease, which is known as periodontitis. This deep infection in the gum tissue can cause your gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This forms pockets of infection deep within the gum tissues. In time, it can even result in loose and lost teeth.

The systemic inflammation caused by periodontitis can also impact your immune system. New and continuing research has found that the systemic inflammation resulting from gum disease impacts other medical conditions, including diabetes, heart disease and respiratory disease. It’s important to understand that while periodontal disease cannot not cause these conditions, it has been proved to be linked to them.

If you have questions or if you’re concerned that you might be developing gum disease in Poughkeepsie, New York, you should call Nicoletti Dental Group at 845.452.8410 to explore your treatment options.