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Gum disease is the inflammation or infection of the gum tissues. The American Dental Association estimates that up to 47 percent of adults over the age of 30 struggle with some form of periodontal disease. It’s primarily caused by hardened tartar at the gumline; however, habits, like tobacco use, and certain medical conditions, like diabetes, can serve as increased risk factors.

Poor oral hygiene allows gingivitis to develop in the gums. This often includes symptoms like inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing as well as problems with chronic bad breath. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you should schedule an appointment with your dentist, Dr. Jason Nicoletti.

Gingivitis is the earliest form of gum disease. It generally occurs when plaque and residual food particles are not effectively removed during the twice-daily brushing and daily flossing of your teeth. These substances then harden into tartar, thus exposing your gum tissues to a constant bacterial presence, which leads to inflammation.

A dental cleaning at Nicoletti Dental Group and improvement to your oral hygiene routine can often reverse gingivitis. Without treatment and modification, gingivitis can develop into the most dangerous form of gum disease known as periodontitis.

Periodontitis causes your gums to recede from the base of your teeth, forming pockets of infection deep down at the root. In time, this can even lead to the loss of structure in the bones that anchor your teeth in your mouth.

Continuing research has also found a relationship between periodontitis and medical conditions like diabetes and heart disease.

If you are concerned that you might be developing gum disease in Poughkeepsie, New York, you should call 845.452.8410 to seek diagnosis and treatment at our dental clinic.